Ottoman stamp paper from Aleppo 1905

Buitenland English language

Since the 11th century, the Middle East and Syria was increasingly populated by Turkish tribes. Previously, Turks served as military soldiers to the Arab caliphs and were stationed in garrisons in Syria. In the 12th century, Iraq and Syria came under the rule of the Turkish Zengiden, which emerged after the collapse of the Seljuk Empire. The Zengids were replaced by the Ayyubids and these by the Mamluks. In the course of the expansion of the Ottoman Empire, Syria was part of the empire in 1516 under Sultan Selim I, who defeated the Mamluk at the Battle of Marj Dabiq near Aleppo. During this Ottoman rule, other Turkish tribes were settled here.

According to the settlement policy, the Turkish settlers occupied important points (Latakia, Aleppo, Homs, Hama) and were to protect, among other things, the pilgrimage to Mecca. After the Russo-Ottoman War between 1877 and 1878 and the loss of the areas of the Caucasus, the Ottomans settled a part of the war refugees in Syria, including in the area of the Golan Heights. When the Ottomans were defeated in World War I in 1918, their Arab provinces were separated from the Reich and Syria became a French mandate and later an independent state. The Syrian governments pursued an Arabization policy against their ethnic minorities, which among other things wanted to establish an “Arabian belt” on the Turkish border in the north. Turkmen and Kurds in this area were resettled and were thus cut off from their relatives in Turkey. Their possessions were transferred to Arab settlers. In addition to this policy, non-Arabic place names were renamed.

Map of the old city of Aleppo.
Part of the settlement area of the Turkmen in northern Syria, as well as in Aleppo.
Aleppo Old Town area with name: QASTAL AL MOSHT.
Aleppo Ottoman stamp paper written in Turkmen in a part of the old town of Aleppo named: QASTAL AL MOSHT = قسطل المشط.
Fiscal stamp text: قيمتي = value; بيش قروش = five groschen.

The fiscal stamp there is below: قيمتي = value, including بيش قروش = Five groschen. Turkmen Ghurush also Kurush or Qurush, denote the silver coins in thaler size, the Sultan Suleyman II introduced in 1687 in the Ottoman Empire. The name derives from Grossus (groschen), although the coin by far exceeded its size both in size and in weight, and was more like the European silver coins that circulated as piasters in the Ottoman Empire. That is why the Ghurush is also counted among the Piasterns. In the Ottoman monetary system, the Ghurush was rated at 40 para.

Arabian numerals.

In the semicircle under the oak leaf garland the stamp value from to is given. Framed in it the colorless stamp with a translate the sense inscription: State Finance Collection Department.

Turkmen designation of the four participants, the seller names it two, and the buyer names it two: 1. Mr. Mohamed Wafa saleh jasin 2. Mr. Mohamad Wafa, the son of Mr. Ahmad Saleh Gavish 3. Mohamad saleh Gavish 4. Mohamad saleh Ibrahim.
Gray stamps mark above each 1 penny, which are all from the year 1905 gk = 1323hj. Inscription Revenue: Ottoman Empire, the second sultan Abdul Hamid. The Pink stamp tag below is worth 30 penny.
Above inscription: Explanation of the installment payment must be paid with indication of the months, then everything costs with interest of 208, 206, 206, 206, 206 groschen, together 1032 penny.
Value of the revenue stamp 1 Piaster (UNE PIASTRE). Date of handwritten cancellation is 25.07.1323Hj = 24.09.1905.

Source: Wolfgang Morscheck from Bad Säckingen Germany and Wikipedia a Free Encyclopedia with Google Map.


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