Since the 11th century, the Middle East and Syria was increasingly populated by Turkish tribes. Previously, Turks served as military soldiers to the Arab caliphs and were stationed in garrisons in Syria. In the 12th century, Iraq and Syria came under the rule of the Turkish Zengiden, which emerged after the collapse of the Seljuk Empire. The Zengids were replaced by the Ayyubids and these by the Mamluks. In the course of the expansion of the Ottoman Empire, Syria was part of the empire in 1516 under Sultan Selim I, who defeated the Mamluk at the Battle of Marj Dabiq near Aleppo. During this Ottoman rule, other Turkish tribes were settled here.
According to the settlement policy, the Turkish settlers occupied important points (Latakia, Aleppo, Homs, Hama) and were to protect, among other things, the pilgrimage to Mecca. After the Russo-Ottoman War between 1877 and 1878 and the loss of the areas of the Caucasus, the Ottomans settled a part of the war refugees in Syria, including in the area of the Golan Heights. When the Ottomans were defeated in World War I in 1918, their Arab provinces were separated from the Reich and Syria became a French mandate and later an independent state. The Syrian governments pursued an Arabization policy against their ethnic minorities, which among other things wanted to establish an “Arabian belt” on the Turkish border in the north. Turkmen and Kurds in this area were resettled and were thus cut off from their relatives in Turkey. Their possessions were transferred to Arab settlers. In addition to this policy, non-Arabic place names were renamed.
The fiscal stamp there is below: قيمتي = value, including بيش قروش = Five groschen. Turkmen Ghurush also Kurush or Qurush, denote the silver coins in thaler size, the Sultan Suleyman II introduced in 1687 in the Ottoman Empire. The name derives from Grossus (groschen), although the coin by far exceeded its size both in size and in weight, and was more like the European silver coins that circulated as piasters in the Ottoman Empire. That is why the Ghurush is also counted among the Piasterns. In the Ottoman monetary system, the Ghurush was rated at 40 para.
In the semicircle under the oak leaf garland the stamp value from to is given. Framed in it the colorless stamp with a translate the sense inscription: State Finance Collection Department.
Source: Wolfgang Morscheck from Bad Säckingen Germany and Wikipedia a Free Encyclopedia with Google Map.