Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia. Neighboring states include the People’s Republic of China (PRC) to the west, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south. Taiwan is the most populous state and largest economy that is not a member of the United Nations (UN). The island of Taiwan was inhabited by indigenous peoples for thousands of years before the 17th century, when Dutch colonialists opened the island to mass Han immigration. After a brief rule by the Kingdom of Tungning, the island was annexed in 1683 by the Qing dynasty of China, and ceded to Japan in 1895.Source: Wolfgang Morscheck Bad Säckingen Germany, SOUTH EAST ASIA REVENUES J. Barefoot Ltd. from 2006.